systems thinking

System thinking is an approach to integration based on the idea that each component or part of a system acts differently when isolated from its environment and other parts of the system. Although the individual systems that make up the systems themselves can be independent and very different, their interactions can reveal and deliver important emerging properties and function independently of each other.

Science and technology systems are one aspect of system thinking, and the humanities and arts are another. Systems in science, technology, etc. are another aspect of system thinking. [1]

It provides methods for for seeing interrelationships rather than things, for seeing patterns of change rather than static snapshots.[2]

[1]        “Systems thinking – Learning for Sustainability.” (accessed Jan. 27, 2021).

[2]        K. Rogers, “What is Systems Thinking? –” (accessed Jan. 27, 2021).

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