It is best to define “data” in the context of “information”. Data is the evidence, while information provides context for that evidence.

Data is a very complex term to define because it does not exist independently of the ideas, instruments, practices, context, and knowledge used to generate, process, and analyse it. However, many accept that data is the elements extracted through observation, computations, experiments, and record keeping. They include network, asset, and organizational data. [1]

[1] Gürdür Broo, D., Lamb, K., Juvenile Ehwi, R., Anneli Pärn, E., 2020. Four Futures, One Choice: Options for the Digital Built Britain of 2040. Researchgate.

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